For open access, one of the Helmholtz Open Science Office's key endeavours is the promotion of the transformation from subscription-based access to open access.
Open Access in Helmholtz
The Helmholtz Association was one of the initial signatories of the „Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities“ in 2003. This document constitutes the basis for the open science activities of the Helmholtz Association.
The Helmholtz Association operates a distributed repository infrastructure that the Centers maintain as part of their publication management to promote open access (e.g., by making accessible self-archived publications and original open access publications). To promote open access, the Centers have entered consortium agreements with publishers pertaining to aspects of Open Access publication fees.
The Helmholtz Association also participates in international consortia such as SCOAP3. Helmholtz centers also publish their own publications and operate their own open access publishers. Furthermore, the Helmholtz Association is a partner in the internationally recognized DEAL project of the Alliance of German Science Organizations and supports the international OA2020 initiative to promote the Open Access transformation.
The open access quota of the Helmholtz Centers is analyzed annually by the Helmholtz Open Science Office and figures in Helmholtz-internal key figures; for the publication year of 2019 the open access quota measured 67 % across Helmholtz.
Implementation of Open Access in the Helmholtz Association
Open Access is implemented in the form of “Open Access Green” and “Open Access Gold”. Both of these strategies are pursued equally in the Helmholtz Association. The Helmholtz Centers actively promote a variety of projects furthering Open Access on a national and international level. For example, the national Open Access Monitor is operated at Forschungszentrum Jülich.
The advancement of Open Access is also supported through the collaboration of the Helmholtz Open Science Office in third-party funded projects such as e. g., open-access.network or in the Priority Initiative “Digital Information” of the Alliance of German Science Organizations.