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Helmholtz Open Science Newsletter of October 13, 2021

Dear colleagues,

This is the 88th Helmholtz Open Science Newsletter brought to you by the Helmholtz Open Science Office in German and English language. With this newsletter, we provide you with a regular overview of the most important open science developments.

You can find the current newsletter and the newsletter archive on the Helmholtz Open Science Office website.

We appreciate you forwarding this newsletter to anyone interested.

For more information on the topic of open science: The internal mailing list os-pro-helmholtz “Helmholtz Open Science Professionals” supports members of the Helmholtz Association who are interested in open science topics, such as open access, open research data and open research software. In addition to information on current developments, practical discussions and information exchanges are facilitated. You can register for the mailing list here. (Please note: This list is only available for employees of the Helmholtz Association).

1. Series of Articles on Open Science at Helmholtz published

In a three-part series of articles (in German languague only) on the Helmholtz Association website, Dr. Heinz Pampel of the Helmholtz Open Science Office provides an overview of current Open Science activities at Helmholtz. Under the title “Open Data for Research”, the first article looks at the topic area of Open Research Data. The second article, “Open Research Articles”, summarizes the current state of Open Access. The third and final part addresses “Open Source in Research”. (All articles are published in German.)

2. Open Access to Dissertation by Helmholtz

Hermann von Helmholtz is the namesake of the Helmholtz Association. As a polymath, he researched phenomena in optics, acoustics, geology, meteorology, and thermodynamics. August 31, 2021, marked the 200th anniversary of his birth. To mark this anniversary, numerous Helmholtz activities this year are themed “200 years of Helmholtz - Inspired by challenges”.

Helmut Kettenmann, neuroscientist at the Max Delbrück Center for Molecular Medicine in the Helmholtz Association, has translated the dissertation, which Hermann Helmholtz submitted in Latin to Friedrich Wilhelm University in Berlin in 1842 at the age of 21, into German and English for the first time, as well as provided an introduction and commentary on the dissertation, together with classical philologist Julia Heideklang from Humboldt University and neurobiologist Joachim Pflüger at Freie Universität Berlin.

The work has been published as an Open Access publication and, in keeping with the Helmholtz Association's Open Access activities, can be accessed via the Digital Object Identifier (DOI) https://doi.org/10.18452/23281 on the Open Access repository of Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, as the successor institution of Friedrich Wilhelm University.


3. Save the Date: Helmholtz Open Science Forum on the NFDI

With the National Research Data Infrastructure (NFDI), the German federal and state governments are pursuing the goal of systematically making research data resources accessible to the German scientific system – in accordance with the FAIR principles so that these research data resources can be made available to third parties. The NFDI will be established as a network of consortia over a period of three years in three successive funding phases. Numerous NFDI consortia are now being realized with substantial Helmholtz participation; the Helmholtz Centers are also actively involved in the realization of the EOSC.

To promote further dialogue on the NFDI within Helmholtz, the Helmholtz Open Science Office is hosting a second Helmholtz Digital Open Science Forum, “Helmholtz in the National Research Data Infrastructure (NFDI)”, on December 8, 2021, from 10:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. Registration for the upcoming event is now open for employees of the Helmholtz Association (further information and preliminary program).

This will be the second event in a series of Helmholtz Open Science Fora on the topic of the National Research Data Infrastructure (NFDI). The first event was held in January 2021; a report documents this event (in German only).

4. Checklist for Policies for Sustainable Research Software Published

As a follow-up to the Helmholtz Open Science Forum “Policies for Research Software” in May 2021, the “Checklist to support Helmholtz Centers in implementing policies for sustainable research software” has been developed. This checklist, published in September 2021, is aimed at decision-makers at the Helmholtz Centers who are involved in the implementation of policies for sustainable research software. The checklist supplements a model guideline that already provides the Centers with a guiding and reusable template for the creation of regulations for the sustainable use of research software. The checklist can be found at: https://doi.org/10.48440/os.helmholtz.031

5. Save the Date: 61st Online Seminar and International Open Access Week 2021

This year’s theme of the International Open Access Week will be “It Matters How We Open Knowledge: Building Structural Equity”. This motto highlights the UNESCO Recommendation on Open Science and its call for equitable participation for all producers and consumers of knowledge. The International Open Access Week is a time for the wider community to coordinate in taking action to make openness the default for research and to ensure that equity is at the center of this work. Further information can be found on the website of the International Open Access Week. The themed week takes place from October 25 until October 31, 2021.

The Helmholtz Association again participates in the International Open Access Week with various events and activities at the Centers that are summarized here.

The Helmholtz Open Science Office correspondingly offers the 61st Helmholtz Open Science Online Seminar on Wednesday, October 27, 2021 from 3:00 p. m. to 4:00 p. m. In the talk “Open Access Publishing – Zooming in on Copyright and CC Licenses”, we will look into open access publishing options for researchers and zoom in on the topics of copyright and CC Licenses. After the presentation by Dr Christoph Bruch, there will be ample opportunity for open discussion. The 90-minute event will be held in English and will be conducted via the video conferencing tool Zoom; the seminar will not be recorded. Questions can be submitted in advance via this pad. To participate in the event, please register here (free of charge).

6. Review: Open Access Days 2021

At this year's Open Access Days, September 27 to 29, 2021, which once again took place virtually, the Helmholtz Open Science Office was again widely represented. In three slots, reports were given on current developments in the projects Deep Green and ORCID DE (see abstract and presentation slides on ORCID DE Monitor and survey results (only in German)). In addition, Dr. Christoph Bruch (Helmholtz Open Science Office) and Fabian Rack (FIZ Karlsruhe) presented the German Creative Commons FAQs to generate feedback and suggestions. The open.access.network project presented its poster “Open Access Helpdesk: Behind the Scenes” in the poster session of the conference.

The recorded presentations (such as the presentation by ORCID DE on “Organizational IDs: integral part of the OA transformation? Survey Results on Dissemination and Use at Scientific Institutions in Germany” (in German only)) will soon be available via the TIB AV Portal. The presentation slides, posters and materials for the Open Access Days 2021 can already be found on Zenodo.

7. New Web Portal open-access.network Launched

In September, the web portal open-access.network has been launched as an extensive information service on the topic of Open Access. At a relaunch party during Open-Access-Tage 2021, the newly designed website was released and presented to the public for the first time. The information on offer for researchers, OA newcomers and professionals ranges from basic information on OA and offerings for various scientific disciplines to financing and legal issues. The new portal was completely revised and expanded by the BMBF-funded open-access.network project of the same name. It replaces the “Information Platform Open Access”, which has already existed since 2007. Other information and networking services offered by open-access.network include a help desk (see Newsletter 84) and a forum. The Helmholtz Open Science Office is involved in the project as a partner.

8. Review: 60th Online Seminar on “Preregistration”

On September 21, 2021, the 60th Helmholtz Open Science Online Seminar “Preregistration: The panacea for trustworthy and useful science?” took place. The speaker Prof. Ulrich Dirnagl, MD, is Professor of Clinical Neuroscience and Director of the Department of Experimental Neurology at Charité Berlin. Since 2017, he is the founding director of the QUEST Center for Responsible Biomedical Research at the Berlin Institute of Health, which is one of the founding members of the German Reproducibility Network (GRN), in which the Helmholtz Open Science Office is also involved. The term “preregistration” describes a practice that is particularly well established in the field of biomedical research: Planned studies are made available and persistently referenced in a public repository before they begin. This practice is intended to ensure the trustworthiness and reproducibility of scientific results, enable the protection of ideas at an early stage, and facilitate the coordination of one's research. The presentation slides can be downloaded here. For more information, please see the event page.

9. re3data COREF Milestone reached: “Conceptual Model for User Stories” and “Stakeholder Survey und Workshop Report”

The re3data COREF project has reached an important milestone with the publication of the Conceptual Model for User Stories for re3data – the Registry of Research Data Repositories. The model is based on the results of a stakeholder survey and three workshop sessions. Participants were asked about the ways they already use re3data and how they would like to use re3data in the future. The results and findings of the survey, presentations, and discussions are documented and have been published in the re3data Stakeholder Survey and Workshop Report. The model describes the history, governance, and current technical infrastructure of re3data. The results of the report were consulted in restructuring the model’s main section concerning target groups and user stories. Both documents allow the project team to recalibrate re3data according to current and future needs of the community.

On September 23, 2021, the new model was presented in a lightning talk at Open Science Fair 2021. The presentation is available for download.

From October 19 to 21, 2021, the Gateways 2021 conference will take place. The re3data COREF project will be represented with a working session entitled “Introducing re3data – the Registry of Research Data Repositories”. Participation in the conference is free of charge.

10. Review: 22nd DINI Annual Conference “Shaping the Future”

The 22nd annual conference of the German Initiative for Network Information (DINI) took place online from October 5 to 6, 2021. This year's annual conference focused on the challenges surrounding the sustainable operation of information infrastructures for research, teaching, and knowledge transfer. The conference language was German. The Helmholtz Association was represented again this year with several contributions. On Tuesday, October 5, 2021, Dr. Sven Rank of Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH presented on the topic of process and organizational development for a digital science company (Abstract in German). This presentation was followed by a keynote by Dr. Fabian Trinkel, also from FZ Jülich, on the topic of sustainability management in the Helmholtz Association (Abstract in German) on Wednesday, October 6, 2021. The third-party funded projects open-access.network, Deep Green and ORCID DE, in which the Helmholtz Open Science Office is involved, also presented themselves at the conference. For more information, please see the programme.

11. Save the Date: German Reproducibility Day

On Tuesday, November 16, 2021, the German Reproducibility Network (GRN) invites you to the first “German Reproducibility Day” from 1:00 p. m. to 5:00 p.m.  The German Reproducibility Day is dedicated to all stakeholders of the scientific landscape in Germany and beyond.This first event of the GRN aims to raise general awareness around the topic of reproducible science and to discuss the relevance of reproducible and robust research for the scientific community. It will be highlighted why a strong network of initiatives promoting open research in Germany is necessary and what mission and roles this network can take on in the future. The event will be held in English and will be conducted via the video conferencing tool Zoom (registration). For more information, please see the preliminary programme.

12. Call for Application: campusSOURCE Award 2022

The submission for applications for the campusSOURCE Award 2022 is open until December 15, 2021. The campusSOURCE Award 2022 is intended to honor individuals or teams who make significant contributions to supporting scientifically active persons, who develop research software and thereby enable new and innovative research software solutions. The idea is to focus on individuals and teams in academia who are not exclusively and full-time involved in research software development. In total, a prize money of 17,000 EUR is available. The campusSOURCE Award 2022 is supported by campusSOURCE e. V., the Helmholtz Open Science Office, and the Society for Research Software de-RSE e.V. For more information, please see the Call for Application.

13. Scientific Society Switches to Open Access

The American Astronomical Society (AAS) has announced that it will transition its portfolio of traditional journals entirely to open access beginning in January 2022. The previously subscription-based “hybrid” journals Astronomical Journal, Astrophysical Journal, Astrophysical Journal Letters, and Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series will in the future offer scientists open access options for publishing their research in astronomy and related disciplines. Under the new OA model, subscription fees and paywalls will be completely eliminated. The new publication policy is also explained in a FAQ list and featured in a video. “The OA article describing the the Event Horizon Telescope’s observations of the 'shadow’ of a black hole has been downloaded an astounding 340,000 times by people all over the world,“ said an AAS representative. “The transition of all our journals from hybrid to fully OA in January will provide this same wide audience access to the entire cosmos.“

14. Recommendation of cOAlition S on Open Access for Academic Books

In a recent statement, the cOAlition S published five recommendations on how to handle and promote open access books. According to the statement, it is recommended that all academic books, based on original research that was directly supported with funding from cOAlition S organisations, should be made available via open access. It is also recommended that Creative Commons licenses be granted for academic book publications to ensure unproblematic re-use. Furthermore, cOAlition S states that any embargo periods on academic books should be as short as possible and never exceed 12 months. Finally, cOAlition S funders should financially support open access for academic books through their funding schemes and open access publishing business models via dedicated arrangements.

15. EU Report on Open Access Published

The EU Commission has published the report “Monitoring the open access policy of Horizon 2020“ assessing the success of open access conditions for text publications and research data from EU-funded projects under the Horizon 2020 research framework program, which ended last year. According to the report, 83 % of Horizon 2020 text publications were made open access, i.e. published in open access journals or books (OA gold) or published via repositories as secondary publications (OA green). An annual increase in the open access rate was observed, from 65% in 2014 to 86% in 2019. However, further potential could be unlocked concerning text and data mining e.g., via the adoption of the most open Creative Commons licenses CC BY or CC 0; currently around half of the publications still have restrictive open licenses such as CC BY-SA and BY-NC. Article processing charges for open-access journal articles averaged 2,200 EUR compared with around 2,600 EUR for hybrid journals. In the follow-up program Horizon Europe, hybrid OA publications will no longer be allowed according to Plan S rules.

16. Study on the regulation of data access rights for science and research

In August, the Study on the Regulation of Privileged Access to Data for Science and Research by Regulating Research Clauses in the Health, Online Economy, Energy and Mobility Sectors” (in German), prepared by Prof. Dr. Louisa Specht-Riemenschneider on behest of the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research, was published. The vast majority of research projects involve data analysis. In many cases, this data is generated as part of the project in question. Often, however, the pursuit of a research interest requires access to data that is in the control of third parties. Because the volume of data is increasing rapidly due to digitization and the possibilities for analyzing it are also growing steadily, the question of whether or under what conditions researchers should be granted access rights to certain data has gained in importance. The study examines the regulatory objectives as well as detailed legal issues – both abstractly and illustrated by case studies from the health, online economy, mobility and energy sectors –, and formulates recommendations.

17. New Study on the Impact of Open Source Software and Hardware

Open Source is increasingly used in digital technologies and has become mainstream across all sectors of the software industry over the past decade. The study “The impact of Open Source Software and Hardware on technological independence, competitiveness and innovation in the EU economy” analyses the economic impact of Open Source Software (OSS) and Open Source Hardware (OSH) and examines global policy efforts to utilize and magnify the benefits of OSS. The analysis estimates a cost-benefit ratio of above 1:4 and predicts that an increase in OSS contributions would lead to additional ICT start-ups in the EU. Case studies reveal that by procuring OSS instead of proprietary software, the public sector could reduce the total cost of ownership, avoid vendor lock-in and thus increase its digital autonomy. The study was commissioned by the European Commission’s DG CONNECT and published in September 2021; it is available here.

Recommended Reading

Brettschneider, P., Axtmann, A., Böker, E., & Suchodoletz, D. von. (2021). Offene Lizenzen für Forschungsdaten. Rechtliche Bewertung und Praxistauglichkeit verbreiteter Lizenzmodelle. o-bib – das offene Bibliotheksjournal8(3), 1–22. https://doi.org/10.5282/o-bib/5749

Casey, A. R., Mandel, I., & Ray, P. K. (2021). The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on academic productivity. arXiv:2109.06591https://arxiv.org/abs/2109.06591

Chen, Y., Huerta, E. A., Duarte, J., Harris, P., Katz, D. S., Neubauer, M. S., Diaz, D., Mokhtar, F., Kansal, R., Park, S. E., Kindratenko, V. V., Zhao, Z., & Rusack, R. (2021). A FAIR and AI-ready Higgs boson decay dataset. arXiv:2108.02214https://arxiv.org/abs/2108.02214

Ginsparg, P. (2021). Lessons from arXiv’s 30 years of information sharing. Nature Reviews Physics, 1–2. https://doi.org/10.1038/s42254-021-00360-z

Hessels, L. K., Koens, L., & Diederen, P. J. M. (2021). Perspectives on the future of open science. Effects of global variation in open science practices on the European research system. Report. European Commission - Directorate-General for Research and Innovation. https://doi.org/10.2777/054281

Montgomery, L., Hartley, J., Neylon, C., Gillies, M., Gray, E., Herrmann-Pillath, C., Huang, C.-K. (Karl), Leach, J., Potts, J., Ren, X., Skinner, K., Sugimoto, C. R., & Wilson, K. (2021). Open knowledge institutions. Reinventing universities. MIT Press. https://doi.org/10.7551/mitpress/13614.001.0001

RfII – Rat für Informationsinfrastrukturen: Nutzung und Verwertung von Daten im wissenschaftlichen Raum − Empfehlungen zur Ausgestaltung von Datendiensten an der Schnittstelle zwischen Wissenschaft und Wirtschaft, Göttingen 2021, 120 S. https://nbn-resolving.org/urn:nbn:de:101:1-2020052673

Schrader, A. C., Pampel, H., Vierkant, P., Glagla-Dietz, S., Schirrwagen, J. (2021). Die ORCID iD: Der persönliche Identifier in der Wissenschaft. Handbuch Qualität in Studium, Lehre und Forschung, 77https://doi.org/10.48440/os.helmholtz.032

Tedersoo, L., Küngas, R., Oras, E., Köster, K., Eenmaa, H., Leijen, Ä., Pedaste, M., Raju, M., Astapova, A., Lukner, H., Kogermann, K., & Sepp, T. (2021). Data sharing practices and data availability upon request differ across scientific disciplines. Scientific Data8(1), 192. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00981-0

Imprint

The Helmholtz Open Science Newsletter is published by the Helmholtz Open Science Office.

Editorial staff: Roland Bertelmann, Dr. Christoph Bruch, Lea Maria Ferguson, Dr. Heinz Pampel, Dr. Janina Richter, Antonia C. Schrader, Dr. Paul Schultze-Motel, and Nina Weisweiler.

Contact: open-science@helmholtz.de

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